Climate Change Impacts on sustenance Vulnerability Assessment-Adaptation and Mitigation choices in Marine Hot Spots in Kerala, India
Climate amendment, a world challenge facing human beings necessitates governments to develop mitigation and adaptation plans. The temperature change has flat impacts on surroundings, fishery, social, economic and development drivers. temperature change hot spots –can be outlined because the ‘live labs’ wherever the manifestation of the climate change impacts is determined “first”. The South west Asian nation has been recognised jointly among the twenty four hot spot regions known globally. this paper assessed the temperature change vulnerability of over 800 fisher households in 2 major fishing villages of Kerala from the south west hotspot regions of Asian nation. Exposure (E), Sensitivity (S) and adjustive capability (AC) are the pertinent factors that verify the vulnerability of familys that were captured employing a structured household form. One ninety eight indicators were known within the construction of vulnerability indices of that thirty seven associated with sensitivity, thirty six associated with exposure and also the alternative a hundred twenty five indicators addressed adjustive capability. the vulnerability of the regions was assessed and also the analysis disclosed that the Poonthura village of Kerala was additional vulnerable when put next to Elamkunnapuzha. The coastal population on their vulnerability scores were classified into low, moderate, high and really high supported score values and geo-spatial analysis was tried. The results disclosed that majority of fisher households in each villages were extremely at risk of temperature change, that may be a major reason behind concern. The study advocates the requirement for a bottom up approach with the proactive participation of the fishers in developing location specific adaptation and mitigation plans to confirm the support of the fishers and also the property development of the fisheries sector within the temperature change regime. 
Evaluating temperature change Mitigation and Adaptation Potential of Conservation Agriculture in Semi-arid Tropics of Southern Asian nation
Aims: As global climate change connected downfall and temperature variability is being more and more seasoned within the Saturday regions, we have a tendency to assessed global climate change mitigation and adaptation potential of Conservation Agriculture (CA) by learning effects of minimum tillage (MT) and residue management practices on rain water use potency (RWUE), soil wetness, runoff, energy use and carbonic acid gas emission in 2 maize-legume cropping systems.
Study Design: The experiment was ordered go in split-split plot style with four replications.
Place and period of Study: The study was conducted at the International Crops analysis Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) farm, Patancheru, Telangana, Asian country throughout 2010-11 and 2011-12.
Methodology: RWUE was calculated as maize equivalent yield divided by downfall received throughout the crop season. Integrated digital runoff and soil loss watching unit (IDRSMU) was accustomed live runoff. Soil wetness content was measured victimisation the mensuration methodology (0-30 cm depth) and nucleon probe (60-90 cm depth). The soil organic carbon was analyzed following the Walkley-Black methodology . The diesel consumption in MT and standard tillage (CT) was calculable following Downs and Hansen (http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs) and emission of CO2 was calculable in line with independent agency, 2009.
Results: Tillage and residue management practices didn’t show important impact on RWUE except; CT having considerably higher RWUE over MT throughout 2011-12. impact of cropping systems on RWUE was important however variable throughout the 2 years of study. MT-RT (minimum tillage- residue retained) reduced total seasonal runoff by twenty eight.62% and 80.22% compared to CT-RR (conventional tillage- residue removed) in 2010-11 and 2011-12, severally. Similarly, MT-RT reduced fresh water loss and peak rate of runoff compared to CT-RR in each the years of study. throughout 2010, MT-RT had higher total soil wetness (v/v) within the 0-90 cm soil depth in sole also as intercropped maize compared to CT-RR, however, throughout 2011 MT-RT had higher total soil wetness in sole maize solely. As compared to CT, although, MT improved SOC in 0-15 cm depth however lowered slightly in 15-30 cm depth. RT (residue retained) improved SOC in 0-15 and 15-30 cm depths compared to residue removal (RR). MT-RT had higher or equal SOC in 0-15 and 15-30 cm soil depths compared to CT-RR in each the maize-legume cropping systems. MT saved energy admire forty one.49 l of diesel per area unit annually compared to CT. Similarly, MT emitted one hundred ten.79 kilogram less CO2 annually on per area unit basis compared to CT thanks to reduced diesel use.
Conclusion: CA, once adopted by following smart agricultural practices and refined to suit the native conditions, may emerge as property production system for global climate change mitigation and adaptation of dryland cropping systems in semi-arid tropics of southern Asian country. 
Climate Change Diplomacy- equipment for temperature change Mitigation and Adaptation: a mirrored image within the Context of Asian country
The objective of this analysis is especially to look at this trend of temperature change diplomacy transfer by the govt of Asian nation. This concentrate on effectiveness of temperature change (CC) Diplomacy for the climate change victim nation like Asian nation. Some reticulate problems self-addressed here are: (i) essence of temperature change diplomacy for the developing nations principally stricken by climate induced disasters; (ii) performance of Asian nation within the bilateral and three-way negotiations. The findings of the analysis recommend that, temperature change diplomacy of the govt of Asian nation isn’t formally intentional nevertheless to influence foreign governments and/or three-way establishments towards extending highest support in mitigating and adapting the climate change impact. it’s apparent that, temperature change diplomacy doesn’t appear to possess emerged as associate integral part of its negotiation to enhance the national efforts through hold up with international affiliations. The paper is finished with a roadmap to create the temperature change diplomacy simpler so Asian nation might avail optimum help from the international community/alliance to mitigate and adopt climate change for reduction of vulnerability of the community recurrently stricken by climate change induced disasters. With the prominence of temperature change diplomacy on the highest, Asian nation ought to have a technique of taking part in a pro-active role at the international level in coming back years. Such strategy would facilitate Asian nation to draw on the worldwide help in favor of temperature change mitigation and adaptation. 
Greenhouse Gas Emission Determinants in Nigeria: Implications for Trade, temperature change Mitigation and Adaptation Policies
This study investigated and analyzed the determinants of greenhouse emission (CO2) emission in African nation. The study relied on secondary knowledge from United Nations agency and financial organization of African nation covering forty years (1970-2009). the information were analyzed victimization Zellner’s ostensibly Unrelated Regression (SURE) model. The results of the analysis show that fossil energy demand or consumption, rents from biology trade, agricultural surface area growth and farm technology were vital determinants of greenhouse emission (GHG) emission within the study area. On the opposite hand, the second equation indicated that fuel energy demand was exogenously determined by economic process rate (proxied by gross domestic product growth rate) and farm technology applied within the country. it absolutely was suggested that African nation ought to place in situ policies that may tax firms or companies emitting GHGs and utilize such tax return for analysis and building the capacities of farmers to adapt to hurtful result of global climate change within the country and continent. the event of existing and new technologies for adapting to global climate change and variability, building of environmental consciousness of Nigerians through info restructuring and provision of weather information services by the Nigerian governments and their agencies to modify farmers set up against weather uncertainty and risks were additionally suggested. 
Local Level Complexities in Governance of global climate change Mitigation Practices and Adaptation Measures in U. S. Cities
While world negotiations concerning global climate change between nations are afoot round the world, domestically scaled policies and measures for climate protection and resilience are written and enforced by municipalities across the world. These political units, with their tiny contributions to the abundant larger issue at hand are unable to totally receive adequate gains of their policies for his or her native stakeholders, as theory states that native level directors would notice it tough to scale back emissions for the advantage of the worldwide grouping. In different words, municipalities are involved with the supply of locally-based public merchandise and services. For climate policies but, they’re domestically manufacturing a worldwide public smart. On the opposite hand, native level leaders have a bonus as they management several of the factors associated with emissions, like land use selections, residential and industrial laws, transit choices and solid waste disposal. this can be maybe fitting thanks to the character of the place-based vulnerability wherever impacts are older within the varieties of inundation, heat waves, bushfires or rising ocean levels. in addition, thanks to their structure, it’s relatively easier to implementing such policies with success than several international policy manufacturers United Nations agency have struggled with such goals or milestones thanks to superimposed complications. This essay can explore the rudimentary complexities at town level and observe the contradiction in terms of participation and engagement in property addressing world global climate change. 
 S. Salim, S., Narayanakumar, R., Remya, R., Safeena, P. K., Rahman, M. R., & James, H. (2018). Climate Change Impacts on Livelihood Vulnerability Assessment-Adaptation and Mitigation Options in Marine Hot Spots in Kerala, India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 8(3), 180-199. Retrieved from http://www.journalijecc.com/index.php/IJECC/article/view/27164
 A. Jat, R., P. Wani, S., Pathak, P., Singh, P., L. Sahrawat, K., Chander, G., & Sudi, R. S. (2015). Evaluating Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Potential of Conservation Agriculture in Semi-arid Tropics of Southern India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 5(4), 324-338. https://doi.org/10.9734/BJECC/2015/18479
 Islam, M. (2014). Climate Change Diplomacy- Apparatus for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation: A Reflection in the Context of Bangladesh. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 4(1), 115-132. https://doi.org/10.9734/BJECC/2014/9174
 Achike, A. I., & Onoja, A. O. (2014). Greenhouse Gas Emission Determinants in Nigeria: Implications for Trade, Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Policies. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 4(1), 83-94. https://doi.org/10.9734/BJECC/2014/8576
 Sunny, S. (2014). Local Level Complexities in Governance of Climate Change Mitigation Practices and Adaptation Measures in U. S. Cities. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 4(1), 5-26. https://doi.org/10.9734/BJECC/2014/5970