Sustainable development: A critical review

Over the past few years, “Sustainable Development” (SD) has emerged because the latest development phrase. a good vary of nongovernmental similarly as governmental organizations have embraced it because the new paradigm of development. A review of the literature that has sprung up round the idea of American state indicates, however, a scarcity of consistency in its interpretation. a lot of vital, whereas the comprehensive nature of the idea provides it political strength, its current formulation by the thought of American state thinking contains vital weaknesses. These embrace AN incomplete perception of the issues of poorness and environmental degradation, and confusion regarding the role of economic process and regarding the ideas of property and participation. however these weaknesses will cause inadequacies and contradictions in political beliefs is incontestible within the context of international trade, agriculture, and biology. it’s advised that if American state is to possess a elementary impact, politically expedient opaqueness can ought to be up in favor of intellectual clarity and rigor. [1]

Knowledge systems for sustainable development

The challenge of meeting human development desires whereas protective the earth’s life support systems confronts scientists, technologists, policy manufacturers, and communities from native to international levels. several believe that science and technology (S&T) should play a a lot of central role in property development, nonetheless very little systematic scholarship exists on the way to produce establishments that effectively harness S&T for property. This study suggests that efforts to mobilize S&T for property are a lot of seemingly to be effective after they manage boundaries between data and action in ways in which at the same time enhance the prominence, quality, and legitimacy of the knowledge they manufacture. Effective systems apply a range of institutional mechanisms that facilitate communication, translation and mediation across boundaries. [2]

Tourism planning: an integrated and sustainable development approach.

The book is meant to fill a requirement in providing designing approaches and pointers for the integrated and property development of touristry that’s conscious of community needs and wishes. It examines touristry designing in the slightest degree levels from macro to small and includes approaches that area unit applicable to each the additional and fewer developed countries with case studies from several components of the planet. Divided into 5 components, half one covers the overall background of and approaches to touristry designing, whereas the rest of the book examines specific aspects of this subject. half 2 is concerning the method, principles and techniques of getting ready national and regional touristry plans. half 3 appearance at the community or additional careful levels of designing resorts, urban and different styles of touristry, and traveller attractions and therefore the application of development and style standards. Environmental and socio-economic considerations area unit mentioned partially four, whereas half 5 reviews those institutional components that area unit vital in developing touristry and therefore the numerous approaches to set up implementation. [3]

Infrastructure for sustainable development

Infrastructure systems type the backbone of each society, providing essential services that embrace energy, water, waste management, transport and telecommunications. Infrastructure may produce harmful social and environmental impacts, increase vulnerability to natural disasters associate degreed leave an unsustainable burden of debt. Investment in infrastructure is at associate degree uncomparable high globally, so associate degree ever-increasing variety of selections are being created currently which will lock-in patterns of development for future generations. though for the foremost half these investments are actuated by the will to extend economic productivity and employment, we discover that infrastructure either directly or indirectly influences the attainment of all of the property Development Goals (SDGs), as well as seventy two of the targets. we have a tendency to categorise the positive and negative effects of infrastructure and therefore the interdependencies between infrastructure sectors. to make sure that the correct infrastructure is made, policymakers must establish long-run visions for property national infrastructure systems, knowing by the SDGs, and develop adaptable  plans which will incontrovertibly deliver their vision. [4]

Insecurity and Sustainable Development in Nigeria (in Context of Terrorism)

Insecurity could be a major and nice threat to the national development of the country. The rising movement of insecurity has not return to a standstill however has assumed dangerous dimensions that area unit threatening the company existence of the country collectively geographical entity. This paper examines insecurity and its implications on property development with special target terrorist act massacre in African nation. coup de main has become a significant threat to national security and property development of African nation as a result of the multiplied operation has caused pain, havoc, and agony within the lives of Nigerians and therefore the economy. This paper conjointly  examines critically the assorted efforts by the govt to place a stop to the current menace. The study adopts descriptive analysis style that its knowledge area unit drawn chiefly from secondary sources and per se, the study adopted content analysis of problems. The study suggested restructuring of the economy which is able to cause bigger development, security and fewer corruption. Efforts ought to be created to form kine ranches and supply higher security against rustling. Nigerian states ought to conjointly place in situ smart governance ready to} be able to respond proactively to the matter of killings within the country rather than reactive response. [5]


[1] Lele, S.M., 1991. Sustainable development: a critical review. World development, 19(6), pp.607-621. (Web Link)

[2] Cash, D.W., Clark, W.C., Alcock, F., Dickson, N.M., Eckley, N., Guston, D.H., Jäger, J. and Mitchell, R.B., 2003. Knowledge systems for sustainable development. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 100(14), pp.8086-8091. (Web Link)

[3] Inskeep, E., 1991. Tourism planning: an integrated and sustainable development approach. Van Nostrand Reinhold. (Web Link)

[4] Infrastructure for sustainable development

Scott Thacker, Daniel Adshead, Marianne Fay, Stéphane Hallegatte, Mark Harvey, Hendrik Meller, Nicholas O’Regan, Julie Rozenberg, Graham Watkins & Jim W. Hall

Nature Sustainabilityvolume 2, pages324–331 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Nwamaka, O. J. and Kelechi Stephen, D. (2018) “Insecurity and Sustainable Development in Nigeria (in Context of Terrorism)”, Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting, 7(2), pp. 1-10. doi: 10.9734/AJEBA/2018/41482. (Web Link)

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