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Science News Online Agricultural Extension,Economics Latest Research News on Economic Performance: Feb – 2020

Latest Research News on Economic Performance: Feb – 2020



Industrial Market Structure and Economic Performance

Provides a scientific presentation of the economic field of commercial organization, which cares with how productive activities are brought into harmony with the demand for goods and services through an organizing mechanism, like a free market, and the way variations and imperfections within the organizing mechanism affect the successful satisfying of an economy’s wants. Of the three market mechanisms (tradition, central planning, and free markets), the sector of commercial organization deals primarily with the market system approach. This book primarily emphasizes the manufacturing and mineral processing sectors of industrialized economies, with less discussion of wholesale and retail distribution, services, transportation, and public utilities. Beginning with a discussion of the welfare economics of competition and monopoly, the structure of industries within the U.S. and abroad and their determinants are described, including motives for mergers and their effects. Extended analysis of pricing, product policy, and technological innovation then follows. Antitrust, price fixing, related restraints, structural monopolies, regulation, and price discrimination are examined, as are the complex policies governing pricing relationships between vertically linked firms. [1]

The Economic Performance of Regions

P ORTER M. E. (2003) The economic performance of regions, Reg. Studies 37, 549-578. This paper examines the essential facts about the regional economic performance, the composition of regional economies and therefore the role of clusters within the US economy over period of 1990 to 2000. The performance of regional economies varies markedly in terms of wage, wage growth, employment growth and patenting rate. supported the distribution of economic activity across geography, we classify US industries into traded, local and resource-dependent. Traded industries account for less than about one-third of employment but register much higher wages, far higher rates of innovation and influence local wages. We delineate clusters of traded industries using co-location patterns across US regions. the combination of clusters differs markedly across regions. The performance of regional economies is strongly influenced by the strength of local clusters and therefore the vitality and plurality of innovation. [2]

Explaining African Economic Performance

Africa has had slow growth and a huge exodus of capital. In many respects it’s been the foremost capital-hostile region. We review and interpret the aggregate-level and microeconomic literatures to spot the key explanations for this performance. there’s an inexpensive correspondence of the 2 sets of evidence, pointing to four factors as being important. These are a scarcity of openness to international trade; a high-risk environment; a coffee level of social capital; and poor infrastructure. These problems are to a considerable extent due to government behavior, and therefore the paper includes a review of the economics literature addressing that behavior. [3]

Predicting success in the worldwide start-up network

By drawing on large-scale online data we are ready to construct and analyze the time-varying worldwide network of professional relationships among start-ups. The nodes of this network represent companies, while the links model the flow of employees and therefore the associated transfer of know-how across companies. We use network centrality measures to assess, at an early stage, the likelihood of the long-term positive economic performance of a start-up. we discover that the start-up network has predictive power which by using network centrality we will provide valuable recommendations, sometimes doubling the present state of the art performance of risk capital funds. Our network-based approach supports the idea that the position of a start-up within its ecosystem has relevancy for its future success, while at an equivalent time it offers an efficient complement to the labour-intensive screening processes of risk capital firms. [4]

Economic Performance of Zero Tillage Technology in Maize under Agency Tracts of Andhra Pradesh

The research work mainly targeting economic performance of zero tillage in maize under agency tracts of Andhra Pradesh during five continuous years from 2011 to 2016 at different farmers’ field locations of Andhra Pradesh. The improved research variety DHM-117 with improved technology like zero tillage, spacing, recommendeddose of fertilizers etc, revealed that mean grain yield (9.30 t.ha-1) and increased yield over control (39.80%)which recorded US$ 924.56 ha-1 (Ninehundred twenty four US$) and a B;C Ratio of three .53 in comparison to local check. [5]

Reference

[1] Scherer, F.M. and Ross, D., 1990. Industrial market structure and economic performance. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Academy for entrepreneurial leadership historical research reference in entrepreneurship. (Web Link)

[2] Porter, M., 2003. The economic performance of regions. Regional studies, 37(6-7), (Web Link)

[3] Collier, P. and Gunning, J.W., 1999. Explaining African economic performance. Journal of economic literature, (Web Link)

[4] Predicting success in the worldwide start-up network
Moreno Bonaventura, Valerio Ciotti, Pietro Panzarasa, Silvia Liverani, Lucas Lacasa & Vito Latora
Scientific Reports volume 10, (Web Link)

[5] Govardhanrao, V. and Ramana, P. (2017) “Economic Performance of Zero Tillage Technology in Maize under Agency Tracts of Andhra Pradesh”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 16(4), (Web Link)

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