Hematology of infancy and childhood: Third edition
These two volumes consist of 14 sections, each containing several chapters. The section titles are: History, Neonatal Hematology, Bone Marrow Failure, Disorders of Erythrocyte Production, Hemolytic Anemias, Disorders of Hemoglobin, The Phagocyte System, The Immune System, Oncology, Storage Disease, Coagulation, Genetics, Transfusion Therapy, and Hematologic Manifestations of Systemic Diseases.
 Chronobiology in hematology and immunology
The hematopoietic and the immune systems in all their components are characterized by a multifrequency time structure with prominent rhythms in cell proliferation and cell function in the circadian, infradian, and circannual frequency ranges. The circulating formed elements in the peripheral blood show highly reproducible circadian rhythms. The timing and the extent of these rhythms were established in a clinically healthy human population and are shown as chronograms, cosinor summaries and, for some high‐amplitude rhythms, as time‐qualified reference ranges (chronodesms). Not only the number but also the reactivity of circulating blood cells varies predictably as a function of time as shown for the circadian rhythm in responsiveness of human and murine lymphocytes in vitro to lectin mitogens (phytohemagglutinin and pokeweed mitogen).
 Reproducibility in the Hematology Laboratory: The Microhematocrit Determination
To estimate the overall microhematocrit test error and to determine the relative contributions of reading error, capillary tubes, centrifugation times, and clays to the variation in test results, a prepared erythrocyte suspension was tested repeatedly on six alternate days. Results indicate that the variation caused by reading the hematocrit to the nearest one-half percentage point exceeds that attributable to differences among capillary tubes and centrifugation times.
 Hypoglycemic, Hematologic and Hypolipidemic Activity of Mucuna Pruriens Ethanol Leaf Extract in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats
Aim: This study investigated the hypoglycemic, hematologic and hypolipidemic potentials of Mucuna pruriens ethanol leaf extract (MELE) in alloxan induced diabetic rats.
Study Design: Experimental Animal Model. The study was conducted in the Physiology Laboratory of the Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria between November, 2013 and February, 2014.
Methodology: Diabetic rats were divided into 4 groups of 7 animals each (groups 2-5). Group1 comprising of 7 normal rats received 0.2ml normal saline and served as the normal control group. Group 2 received no treatment and served as the diabetic control group. Group 3 was treated with a reference drug, Glibenclamide (5mg/kg) while groups 4 and 5 received 150 and 300mg/kg of MELE respectively. All treatments were done via the oral route and lasted for 21 days.
Results: Alldoses of MELE significantly (P<.05) lowered glucose levels in the diabetic rats with 300mg/kg lowering blood glucose from 311.80 ± 37.10 in diabetic rats to 91.30 ± 2.26 by the end of 21 days. The hypoglycemic effect of MELE compared favorably with that of Glibenclamide. Red blood cells (RBC) counts, packed cell volume (PCV),hemoglobin values were all significantly raised (P<.05) in treated rats, while the increased WBC value in diabetic rats was lowered. The levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) were significantly (P<.05) decreased in the diabetic treated rats with increase in the levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C).
Conclusion: These results suggest that MELE contain active principles with hypoglycemic, hematologic and hypolipidemic properties and could be valuable in managing diabetic mellitus and correcting the hematological and lipid profile abnormalities associated with the pathophysiology of the disease.
 Performance, Hematology and Serum Biochemical Indices of Broiler Chickens Fed Toasted Sesame Seed (Sesamum indicum, Linn) Meal Based-Diets
Soyabean, one of the main ingredients commonly employed as a source of vegetable protein in broiler diets is expensive and may sometimes be unavailable. Thus, there is the need to assess the utilization of other legumes in broiler diets. Therefore, effects of dietary toasted sesame seed meal (TSSM) on growth, hematological and selected serum biochemical indices of broiler chickens was evaluated in a feeding experiment lasting 56 days. One hundred and eighty 1-day old Arbor acre chicks (39.2±0.15g/chicken) were randomly divided into five treatments. Each treatment was in triplicate of twelve birds per replicate. Graded TSSM was included at the expense of full fat soybean meal in the basal starter and finishers broiler rations viz; 0 (T1), 25 (T2), 50 (T3), 75 (T4) and 100% (T5). The diets and water were offered to respective birds ad libitum. The design of the experiment was a completely randomized design. Feed intake, weight gain and final weights of birds were significantly reduced (p<0.05) across treatments by increased dietary inclusion of TSSM while feed conversion ratio of birds increased significantly with increasing dietary TSSM (P < 0.05).
 Nathan, D.G. and Oski, F.A., 1987. Hematology of infancy and childhood.
 Haus, E., Lakatua, D.J., Swoyer, J. and Sackett‐Lundeen, L., 1983. Chronobiology in hematology and immunology. American Journal of Anatomy, 168(4), pp.467-517.
 Goldenfarb, P.B., Bowyer, F.P., Hall, E. and Brosious, E., 1971. Reproducibility in the hematology laboratory: the microhematocrit determination. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 56(1), pp.35-39.
 Akomas, S.C., Okafor, A.I. and Ijioma, S.N., 2014. Hypoglycemic, hematologic and hypolipidemic activity of Mucuna pruriens ethanol leaf extract in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Annual Research & Review in Biology, pp.4284-4292.
 Ogunwole, O.A., Omojola, A.B., Sajo, A.P. and Majekodunmi, B.C., 2014. Performance, hematology and serum biochemical indices of broiler chickens fed toasted sesame seed (Sesamum indicum, Linn) meal based-diets. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, pp.1458-1470.