Isolation and reporting of rarely found and opportunistic pathogens in the gastro-intestinal tract is not
observed in medical fraternity because of many reasons. Primarily, it could be because of abundant
presence of normal flora, hence the presence of rare organisms might be out looked in routine
practice. Secondarily, it could be due to the limited knowledge and resources to isolate and report
such findings in daily busy practice. Lastly, it could be because of its non-frequent occurrence.
Nonetheless, cases of isolating the organism Moellerella wisconsensis have been reported since its
first report published in 1984, by Hickman Brenner. The chapter discusses the history and reports
Moellerella wisconsensis from a stool sample for the first time in the western region of India
(Ahmedabad, Gujarat) along with other reported incidences from various clinical and non-clinical
Biocare Research (India) Pvt. Ltd., India.
Dr. Lakshmi B.
Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, SMMPISR, Kadi Sarva Vishwavidyalaya, Gandhinagar, India.
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