The Effect of Income Taxes on Household Income
Research on the distribution of income during the 1980s has identified a trend towards increasing inequality, which may be the continuation and acceleration of trends spanning several decades. This paper explores to what extent behavioral responses to the tax changes during the 1980s may also explain the rising inequality. The 1986 Tax Reform Act is used as a natural experiment to explore the roles played by both taxes and a variety of nontax factors. Our principal finding is that both tax rates and nontax factors appear to have had significant effects on relative income growth during the late 1980s.
 Modelling household income dynamics
This paper is about income and poverty dynamics and their socioeconomic correlates. The first half of the paper aims to establish some of the salient facts for Britain, applying the pioneering methods of Bane and Ellwood (1986). Important for poverty dynamics are changes in labour earnings from persons other than the household head, changes in non-labour income (including benefits), and changes in household composition, in addition to changes in the heads’ labour earnings. The second half of the paper is a review and critique of the multivariate modelling frameworks which might be used to explain and forecast these salient facts for Britain or elsewhere.
 Household Income and Child Schooling in Vietnam
The stronger are the associations between household income and child schooling, the lower is intergenerational social mobility and the less equal is opportunity. This study estimates the associations between household income and children’s school success in Vietnam. The estimates indicate that these associations are considerable. For example, the income elasticity of completed grades is five times the median estimate of earlier studies. Moreover, this association is strongest for grades completed per year of school, not for completed grades, on which most of the previous literature has focused. There are some gender differences, the most important being a smaller association between income and grades completed per year of school for boys than for girls. This difference implies that schooling of girls is treated as more of a luxury (less of a necessity) than is schooling of boys.
 Contributions of African Bird’s Eye Chilli (Capsicum frutescens) to Household Income of Smallholder Farmers in Northern Uganda: A Case Study of Paicho Sub-County
African Bird’s Eye Chilli, a non-traditional export crop in Uganda, is becoming an important cash crop to the rural farmers. Its growth potential remains unexploited. Rural farmers derive their livelihoods from the land, but there are limited high valued crops for export and chilli presents the alternative to diversification. This study focused on the adoption and contribution of chilli to the household income of rural farmers. A total of 100 households were selected randomly, provided with chilli seeds and trained in basic agronomic practices of growing chilli in Paicho Sub-county. Sixty households grew the crop on an average of 0.158 acres and obtained an average yield of 103 kgs of dried chilli. The households realized an average income of 781,400 UGX. Before chilli production, average income from farming activities was 1,028,900 UGX and overall average total annual income was 1,672,000 UGX per household. After chilli production, average income from farming activities rose to 1,345,700 UGX and the overall average total annual income rose to 2,181,050 UGX. Advantages of growing chilli were; easy management, quick maturity, high yield, ready market, good market price, low cost of production, seeds are easy to access and resistance to weather. However, chilli production faces some challenges such as; difficulty in harvesting, pests and diseases, low access to seedlings, difficulties in drying during the rainy season, requires storage facilities and price fluctuation. African bird’s eye chilli is a potential cash crop for smallholder farmers; its production should be embraced and promoted in Northern Uganda.
 Does Income Diversification Reduce Poverty in Rural Households?
A study was conducted to profile poverty in rural households based on income diversification. The effect of diversification of income sources on poverty was investigated. Multistage sampling procedure was employed to select the representative farming households for the study. Survey data from 150 households were obtained with the aid of questionnaire. Data were analyzed quantitatively using the Foster, Greer, Thorbecke FGT) weighted poverty measure. Results showed the non-diversity of income (sources by most farming households. Result of analysis revealed that poverty was negatively related to income diversification as the incidence of poverty was lower for households with diverse income sources whereas poverty gap and squared-poverty gap were higher for households with single income source. The t-value of only one of the decomposed sub-groups was significant (P<0.1). Providing enabling environment for meaningful agricultural production through the provision of inputs for rural households to embark on multi-agricultural enterprises would be a sensible policy decision.
 Auten, G. and Carroll, R., 1999. The effect of income taxes on household income. Review of economics and statistics, 81(4), pp.681-693.
 Jenkins, S.P., 2000. Modelling household income dynamics. Journal of population economics, 13(4), pp.529-567.
 Behrman, J.R. and Knowles, J.C., 1999. Household income and child schooling in Vietnam. The World Bank Economic Review, 13(2), pp.211-256.
 Acaye, G. and Odongo, J.C., 2018. Contributions of African Bird’s Eye Chilli (Capsicum frutescens) to Household Income of Smallholder Farmers in Northern Uganda: A Case Study of Paicho Sub-County. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, pp.1-9.
 Etim, N.A.A. and Edet, G.E., 2016. Does Income Diversification Reduce Poverty in Rural Households?. Archives of Current Research International, pp.1-7.