Social entrepreneurship: A critical review of the concept
This paper undertakes an analytical, critical and synthetic examination of “social entrepreneurship” in its common use, considering both the “social” and the “entrepreneurship” elements in the concept. On both points, there is a range of use with significant differences marked by such things as the prominence of social goals and what are thought of as the salient features of entrepreneurship. The paper concludes with the proposal of a suitably flexible explication of the concept: social entrepreneurship is exercised where some person or persons (1) aim either exclusively or in some prominent way to create social value of some kind, and pursue that goal through some combination of (2) recognizing and exploiting opportunities to create this value, (3) employing innovation, (4) tolerating risk and (5) declining to accept limitations in available resources. 
Social entrepreneurship: towards conceptualisation
The marketing in strategy dialogue and the emerging marketing/entrepreneurship interface paradigm stress the need for marketers to research entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneur‐ship, the entrepreneurship leading to the establishment of new social enterprises and the continued innovation in existing ones, is much discussed but little understood and given the increasing importance of such organisations should be addressed. This paper conceptualises social entrepreneurship as a multidimensional construct involving the expression of entrepreneurially virtuous behaviour to achieve the social mission, a coherent unity of purpose and action in the face of moral complexity, the ability to recognise social value‐creating opportunities and key decision‐making characteristics of innovativeness, proactiveness and risk‐taking. The paper discusses implications for policy and practice and concludes with a consideration of theoretical issues and directions for future research. 
Social Entrepreneurship: A Critique and Future Directions
Work on social entrepreneurship constitutes a field of study that intersects a number of domains, including entrepreneurial studies, social innovation, and nonprofit management. Scholars are beginning to contribute to the development of this new discipline through efforts that attempt to trace the emergence of social entrepreneurship as well as by comparing it to other organizational activities such as conventional entrepreneurship. However, as a nascent field, social entrepreneurship scholars are in the midst of a number of debates involving definitional and conceptual clarity, boundaries of the field, and a struggle to arrive at a set of relevant and meaningful research questions. This paper examines the promise of social entrepreneurship as a domain of inquiry and suggests a number of research areas and research questions for future study. 
Are New Generation of Students of Healthcare Management Focused on Social Entrepreneurship? A Field Study
This study aims to analyse students’ social entrepreneurship profiles and to compare them in their levels of social entrepreneurship with students having no bias towards social entrepreneurship. Social Entrepreneurship Level Scale” was employed to attain the purpose. The scale, which is used to describe students’ social entrepreneurship profiles, is composed of such dimensions as personal and social properties, innovativeness, and managerial qualities. A questionnaire was administered to the undergraduate students of healthcare management department of a state university in Turkey within the scope of the study. Independent samples t-test enabling researchers to make inter-group comparisons in the analysis of the data obtained and one-way variance analysis (ANOVA) were used in the analysis of the data. It was found in consequence that the participants’ level of social entrepreneurship was 3.91 on average. Following the hypotheses made, it was found that there were no significant differences between students’ perceptions of social entrepreneurship according to age, gender, grade levels, number of brothers and sisters, mother’s occupation and father’s occupation. 
Attitudes of the Rural People towards Social Entrepreneurship in the Punjab Province, Pakistan
Currently, there is much debate concerning the role of social entrepreneurship in sustainable development, as well as the environmental factors important to the emergence and implementation of social initiatives. This study was conducted to determine the attitudes of rural people toward social entrepreneurship in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The cluster sampling technique was employed to select 112 rural respondents from 3 villages. The primary data was collected by the use of pre-tested interview schedule during the period from March to May 2017. The study findings revealed that 52.7% of the rural population had positive attitudes toward social entrepreneurship. Results of the Pearson correlation test indicated that the education level of the rural population was found to be significantly correlated with attitudes toward social entrepreneurship. The study recommended that governments create an environment conducive to the fostering of positive attitudes toward social entrepreneurship among rural populations of the study area. 
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 Ekiyor, A. and Bolat, Y. (2017) “Are New Generation of Students of Healthcare Management Focused on Social Entrepreneurship? A Field Study”, Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 4(3), pp. 1-11. doi: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/36301.
 Kassem, H. S., Aldosari, F., Muddassir, M. and Kayani, A. (2018) “Attitudes of the Rural People towards Social Entrepreneurship in the Punjab Province, Pakistan”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 27(4), pp. 1-11. doi: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/44525.