Cultural Districts, Property Rights and Sustainable Economic Growth
The purpose of this text is to analyse the economic properties still because the establishments governing the start‐up and evolution of cultural districts. the primary a part of the article reviews the relationships between culture, viewed as associate individual smart, and also the theory of business districts. The second half contains a important discussion of 4 models of cultural districts: the commercial cultural district (mainly supported positive externalities, localized culture and traditions in ‘arts and crafts’); the institutional cultural district (chiefly hoping on the assignment of property rights); the museums cultural district (based on network externalities and also the explore for optimum size); and also the metropolitan cultural district (based on communication technologies, arts and electronic trade). The assignment of property rights to native individual cultural merchandise looks to be the foremost vital thanks to differentiate among cultural districts. the ultimate section discusses a potential convergence of all district models towards the institutional district, supported the creation of a system of property rights as a way to guard localized production.
Cet article tente d’analyser les propriétés économiques et les establishments qui régissent la création et l’évolution Delaware districts culturels. La première partie étudie les relations entre la culture – vue comme global organization bien idiosyncrasique – et la théorie des districts industriels. La Delawareuxième partie civil time global organization débat critique Sur quatre modèles de districts culturels: LE district culturel industriel (basé essentiellement Sur des externalités positives, des cultures et traditions artisanales locales), LE district culturel institutionnel (s’appuyant principalement Sur l’attribution Delaware droits Delaware propriété), LE district culturel des musées (fondé Sur des effets d’entraînement linear unit réseau et la elegant d’une taille optimale), et LE district culturel métropolitain (basé Sur les technologies Delaware communication, des représentations artistiques et LE commerce électronique). L’attribution Delaware droits Delaware propriété intellectuelle Sur Delawares biens culturels idiosyncrasiques locaux semble être la meilleure manière de différencier les districts culturels. La Delawarernière partie Delaware l’article examine une convergence potential Delaware tous LEs modèles de district vers le district institutionnel, linear unit s’appuyant Sur la création d’un système Delaware droits Delaware propriété comme moyen Delaware protection d’une production venue. 
Socially Sustainable Economic De‐growth
Economic growth isn’t compatible with environmental property. the trouble to push up the speed of growth by increasing obligations to repay money debts is in direct conflict with the supply of exhaustible resources and with the capability of waste sinks. The financial condition of 2008–09 has resulted in a very welcome amendment to the completely unsustainable trend of skyrocketing carbonic acid gas emissions. The Kyoto Protocal of 1997 was generous to the made countries, giving them property rights on the carbon sinks and also the atmosphere in exchange for the promise of a discount of five per cent of their emissions relative to1990. This modest Kyoto objective are consummated additional simply thanks to the financial condition. This shows that economic de‐growth, resulting in a gradual state, may be a plausible objective for the made industrial economies. this could be supported by the environmental justice movements of the South, that are active in resource extraction conflicts. 
A theoretical foundation to support the Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (ISEW), Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), and other related indexes
For some time currently, ecological economists are declaring a ‘threshold hypothesis’—the notion that once political economy systems expand on the far side a definite size, further|the extra} price of growth exceeds the flow of additional edges. so as to support their belief, ecological economists have developed variety of comparable indexes to live and compare the advantages and prices of growth (e.g. the Index of property Economic Welfare, ISEW, and also the real Progress Indicator, GPI). In just about each instance wherever AN index of this sort has been calculated for a specific country, the movement of the index seems to strengthen the existence of the edge hypothesis. Of late, variety of observers have solid doubt over the validity of those various indexes. one among the issues ordinarily expressed is that the supposed lack of a theoretical foundation to support the ISEW, the GPI, and alternative connected indexes. By adopting an idea of financial gain and capital made public by Fisher (Nature of Capital and financial gain. A. M. Kelly, New York, 1906), this paper demonstrates that these various indexes ar on paper sound however, so as to be loosely accepted, need the continual development of a lot of strong valuation strategies. 
Sustainable development agenda: 2030
On twenty five to twenty seven Sep, world organization member states can formally adopt the property Development Goals (SDGs) as key components of the post-2015 development agenda (1), successors to the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that targeted attention from 2000 to 2015. the ultimate 2030 agenda text for adoption proposes seventeen SDGs with 169 targets, to be supplemented in 2016 with various indicators. All of the text action science, technology, and innovation (STI) is most welcome however achieving desired outcomes by 2030 would force deep understanding of the way to maximize the contributions of STI. Having had the privilege of addressing this subject to the international organization High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) which will administrate the SDG effort, I discuss areas that i think are essential to success. I concentrate on 3 issues: (i) victimization the world property Development Report (GSDR) method to bridge SDGs and scientific communities, (ii) selecting targets, indicators, and roadmaps associated with STI, and (iii) the imperative of building knowledge-based societies. 
Tourism Development and Sustainable Economic Development: Evidence from South Western Nigeria
Aims: The study was done (i) to look at the influence of business on property economic development, and (ii) to spot the factors poignant business development in South Western African country.
Study Design: Descriptive survey style was utilized for the study.
Place and length of Study: The study was dispensed in seven cities of various states of South Western African country, namely: Erin-Ijesa, Osun Oshogbo Sacred Grove in Osun State; Oyo city in Oyo State, Ikogosi, Ekiti State, Abeokuta in Ogun State, Idanre city of Ondo State and Victoria Island, Lagos.
Methodology: 10 (10) respondents every from all the seven cities were designated and form and also the oral interview was finished them. The obtained knowledge were statistically analysed mistreatment SPSS.
Results: Respondents united that business had improved social unit financial gain and government income staggeringly and lack of interest by monetary establishments to lend capital to business investors square measure important challenges attempt business. The business development incorporates a statistically important influence on property economic development additionally.
Conclusion: The study concludes that development of business is associate degree engineering of economically property development, and recommends that government ought to attract non-public investors to speculate in business, to foster the state economy. 
 Santagata, W., 2002. Cultural districts, property rights and sustainable economic growth. International journal of urban and regional research, 26(1), pp.9-23. (Web Link)
 Alier, J.M., 2009. Socially sustainable economic de‐growth. Development and change, 40(6), pp.1099-1119. (Web Link)
 Lawn, P.A., 2003. A theoretical foundation to support the Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (ISEW), Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), and other related indexes. Ecological Economics, 44(1), pp.105-118. (Web Link)
 Sustainable development agenda: 2030
Science 04 Sep 2015:
Vol. 349, Issue 6252, pp. 1048-1050, DOI: 10.1126/science.aad2333 (Web Link)
 Bukola, A. A. and Olaitan, L. L. (2018) “Tourism Development and Sustainable Economic Development: Evidence from South Western Nigeria”, South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 2(1), pp. 1-9. doi: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v2i125816. (Web Link)