Role of Smartphone in Women Empowerment
The technological development in the field of electronics and telecommunication has brought about a revolution in the life of people. The technical products so developed have brought about a noticeable change for the better in the personal and professional lives of people by enhancing their capabilities and empowering them to enrich their life and life experiences. In the Indian scenario where the female community was not traditionally empowered, the acceptance of smartphones and connecting to technology through the smartphone has empowered Indian women, whether working or non-working. This article is an effort to highlight the role played by smartphone in empowering women and enriching their lives. The findings of the survey study are presented in the article 
The impact of tourism and finance on women empowerment
The Goal-5 of United Nations Development Agenda for gender equality and women empowerment through equalizing the ratio of girls and boys enrolment in primary education remains suffered in almost every part of the globalized world, which does not even violate the basic human rights while it is the mandatory foundation for global peace and prosperity. The contribution of international tourism development to empower women is the key initiative of the developed world to provide an equal opportunity to the women to sustain their livelihoods. This study focused on the role of international tourism development on women empowerment through mediating a number of financial factors in a panel of 24 selected European countries, over a period of 1990–2015. The results show that financial intermediaries act as a catalyst to empower women through international tourism. More specifically, tourism and financial factors promote (i) gender parity in tertiary enrollment, (ii) gender parity in primary and secondary school enrollment, (iii) female employment, and (iv) women’s share in non-agriculture wage employment, while the results further support the (i) growth-led tourism, (ii) finance-led growth, (iii) growth stimulate women empowerment, and (iv) tourism-induced women’s empowerment hypothesis across countries. 
Empowering subsistence women entrepreneurs in India: Insights from Lijjat, Mulukanoor and MPWPCL
Empowerment of women by social enterprises in emerging economies has received attention from researchers. This paper aims to study three social enterprises in India that aim to empower subsistence women entrepreneurs.
A comparative case analysis of three social enterprises is done to develop understanding of systems and processes adopted by them. Sources such as published journal and news articles, case studies, success stories and official websites are used for data collection.
The study found that all three organisations strive to increase the asset base of members by organizing disempowered subsistence producers lacking market power; extending services throughout the value chain, i.e. from raw material supply to marketing of products; ploughing back regular incomes and bonuses through mechanisms acceptable to all members; and empowering subsistence producers to gain market power and ability to choose. The interventions give market exposure and voice to the concerns of women producers. These organisations successfully leverage the strength of their relations with civil society and markets in sustaining the business. Women empowerment was found to be achieved through regular income, collective voice, ability to take decisions and creation of social value.
This paper does not take into consideration enterprises promoted by government.
A conceptual framework is suggested in this paper along with insights for organisations interested in collectivising subsistence women for empowering them.
The conceptual framework provided in this paper enriches the understanding of social enterprises working with the objective of women empowerment 
Human drivers of national greenhouse-gas emissions
Centuries of speculation about the causes of human stress on the environment is now being disciplined with empirical evidence, including analyses of differences in greenhouse-gas emissions across contemporary nation states. The cumulative results can provide useful guidance for both climate projections and for policy design. Growing human population and affluence clearly contribute to enhanced environmental stress. Evidence does not support the argument for amelioration of greenhouse-gas emissions at the highest levels of affluence. However, the role of other factors, such as urbanization, trade, culture and institutions remains ambiguous. 
Women Empowerment – A Comparative Case Study among Agricultural and Coir Industry Wage Labourers
A comparative study was conducted among randomly selected Agricultural and Coir Industry women wage Labourers of Sonitpur district, Assam, India during 2012-13 to find out whether more economic empowerment of women is able to change the status of women in society or still customs and values play a role to assign status of a person thorough field survey and questioner methods. It was found that the agricultural wage labourers had more children than that of the coir industry wage labourers. It was because of preference for male child and lesser control over choices. Though they didn’t want to have another child, the preference and inability to take the decisions along with their husbands led to more children. The decision making authority was solely with the male partners. Whereas, the coir industry wage labourers had some power with their husbands to take decisions like family planning. Those decisions had an impact on the family income and expenditure. The family income of the coir industry wage labourers were higher than that of the agricultural wage labourers and having lesser children had positive impact on the children’s education and nutritional supply in the families. The coir industry wage labourers were comparatively more educated than the agricultural wage labourers. This also helped them to go for family planning. With extra income, the coir industry labourers were able to spend more in nutritious food, education for children and the expenses on the alcoholic items were cut down as came up in the study vis-a-vis the agricultural wage labours. The agricultural wage labourers were new in the field of savings. Very recently they had started savings and they didn’t have any bank deposits rather they saved very small amounts with Self Help Groups (SHG). The coir industry wage labourers also had savings with SHGs and very few had deposits in banks. However, the concept of saving was new to them. The household items of the agricultural labourers’ house didn’t include electricity, but most of them had mobile phones. Nevertheless, the coir industry labourers were well equipped with household items necessary for better sustenance. Economic self-sufficiency and education, use of technology, exposure to the outer world, decision making etc. determined the amount of empowerment. The agricultural labourers were comparatively lacking in empowerment than the coir industry labourers in Tezpur sub-division of Sonitpur district of Assam, India. 
 Goel, S. and Gupta, P., 2019. Role of Smartphone in women empowerment. International Journal of Knowledge-Based Organizations (IJKBO), 9(1), pp.1-11. (Web Link)
 Nassani, A.A., Aldakhil, A.M., Abro, M.M.Q., Islam, T. and Zaman, K., 2019. The impact of tourism and finance on women empowerment. Journal of Policy Modeling, 41(2), pp.234-254.
 Saripalli, B.S., Chawan, V. and Gunta, S., 2019. Empowering subsistence women entrepreneurs in India: Insights from Lijjat, Mulukanoor and MPWPCL. Society and Business Review, 14(1), pp.71-92. (Web Link)
 Human drivers of national greenhouse-gas emissions
Nature Climate Change volume2, pages581–586 (2012)(Web Link)
 Boruah, P., Borkotoki, B., Handique, P., Das, J., Daflari, B. K., Bora, B. and Begum, A. M. (2017) “Women Empowerment – A Comparative Case Study among Agricultural and Coir Industry Wage Labourers”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 15(2), pp. 1-11. doi: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31453. (Web Link)