The Greatest Error in Biological Sciences, Started in 1930 and Continuing Up to Now, Generating Numerous Profound Misunderstandings in Almost All Fields of Biology

Is a cell a complex coacervate with distribution coefficients and adsorption coefficients as the primary physical–chemical characteristics, allowing for low-entropy bioenergetics based on coherence, as Schrödinger proposed in 1944? Is it possible that a cell contains ordinary water in solution

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The Intrinsic Chemistry of Melanin Modifies Radically Current Concepts about the Bioenergetics of Photosynthesis: A Review

Bioenergetics is the study of the continuous energy transformation in biological systems, according to biochemistry. Cell biology, biochemistry, and biophysics are all branches of this field. Bioenergetics is a branch of biochemistry concerned with energy transfer in living organisms and

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Direct and Off-Target Effects of ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channels Opener Diazoxide: A 2020 Update

Diazoxide (DZ) is a well-known cardioprotective drug that works in the same way as ischemic preconditioning. DZ is primarily a pharmacological opener of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels (mKATP channels), but its interactions with other cellular targets (such as plasma membrane

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