The Four Prominent Indicators of Diagnostic Testing: Consistency among their Values Reported in Saudi Medical Journals

We present a novel way for validating any purported set of the four most important diagnostic testing markers (Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Predictive Value, and Negative Predictive Value) by noticing that they are three rather than four independent entities. This finding

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Study on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Histopathology in the Diagnosis of Breast Lump: A Comparative Approach

1.To compare the results of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and histopathological study of biopsy in detecting breast cancer in suspicious breast lumps in an outpatient setting; 2.To investigate the accuracy of FNAC in diagnosing various breast lumps; 3.To determine

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A Prospective Study on Evaluation of Salivary Gland Tumors: An Approach to Clinical Radiology and Pathology

Due to their overlapping appearances, salivary gland cancers are difficult to identify based purely on clinical presentation or cytological results. Inadequate cytology samples can make preoperative diagnosis difficult. The gold standard for diagnosing these malignancies is histopathology. The goal of

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Enzyme and Lectin Relationships in Cell Biology (Not Only Microbiology But Also Mammals and Plants)

Inter- and intramolecular relationships and directions in co-functioning lectins and enzymes are identified and ordered. The regularities of these relationships are highlighted and used as additional parameters for lectins and lectinic enzymes that are “true.” The findings point to the

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Investigation on the Usefulness of Serum Sorbito land Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A in Predicting Diabetic Retinopathy as Compared to Optical Coherence Tomography

This study was conducted to investigate the validity of serum sorbitol and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A (VEGF-A) in diagnosing DR and differentiating it from diabetes without retinopathy (DNR). A cross-sectional study included 164 diabetes mellitus patients: 30 patients with

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