The study centered on women in agricultural production in Nigeria: Prospects and key challenges. Women’s contributions to agricultural production vary from one region to another and are changing rapidly in many parts of the world where economic and social forces are transforming the agricultural sector. They perform farm operations thereby contributing a lot to improving the economic and social
status of their families as well as accelerating the pace of rural development. Women are playing important roles in agriculture with a wide range of activities which include production, harvesting, transporting, storing, processing, packaging and marketing of the farm produce. Despite the significant roles played by women in agricultural production, processing and marketing in Nigeria, they have more or less been relegated to playing a secondary role in farm decision-making. Women as the pillar of food security have minimal control over access to resources such as land, farm inputs such as improved seeds, fertilizer, credit facilities and new techniques of agricultural production. In Nigeria, women very rarely own land despite their great involvement in agriculture which has traditionally made it difficult for them to obtain loans and credit facilities from financial institutions. Productive resources such as land, capital, farm inputs like fertilizer, chemicals, seeds and other improved planting materials are necessary in agriculture and should be provided for the women at subsidized rate. It is recommended that women farmers should be encouraged to form groups or cooperatives by Women in Agriculture Program of ADP and extension agents to enable them pool their resources together in accessing loans and credit facilities for increased agricultural production.
Dr. M. N. Okeke
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Anambra State, Nigeria.
Dr. E. N. Mbah
Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
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